英语作文2篇记叙文

篇一:高考英语作文写作指导—记叙文

写作指导——如何写好记叙文

记叙文是以写人叙事为主要内容的一种文体,它是叙述人的经历或事物发展变化过程的一种表达方式。记叙文是写作训练中最普遍、最基本的一种文体,它的基本特点就是陈述过程。

【例题展示】

假设你是红星中学高二(1)班的学生李华,利用上周末的时间帮助祖父母安排了去北戴河的旅行。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,叙述你从准备到送行的全过程。 注意:1.周记的开头已为你写好。

2.词数不少于60。

Last weekend, I helped my grandparents prepare their trip to Beidaihe. __________________ __________________________________________________.

【写作要求】

该试题要求考生写一篇英文周记,其实也是写一篇记叙文,叙述祖父母去北戴河旅行的准备过程。题目的呈现方式为四幅图片。第一幅图是事前准备,三个问号涉及要写出的三个方面,这属于题目的踩分点,千万不能遗漏。第二幅图和第三幅图也都是准备的过程,图画信息没有一般看图作文中逐渐出现高潮图点,前三幅图的图画内容没有所谓的轻重之分,因此在写作的时候,要注意三幅图的比重要基本一致,不要出现一个图一句话带过,而其它图画重点描写的情况。最后一幅图,是故事的结尾。

【思路点拨】

(1)记叙文的类型。记叙文一般分为三类:以人物为主的记叙文、以事件为主的记叙文、以写景状物为主的记叙文。在一篇记叙文中,写人、写景、写事往往是交织在一起的,但各有侧重。该试题是以事件为主的记叙文,注意要以事件为中心组织材料。

(2)记叙文的时态与人称。记叙文所记叙的一般是过去发生的事,原则上用一般过去时,该试题应该用一般现在时;记叙文一般采用第一人称(First—person narrator)和第三人称(Third—person narrator)。第一人称是从“参与者”的角度进行记叙,第三人称是以“观察者”的身份展开叙述。短文的开头(Last weekend, I helped my grandparents prepare their trip to

Beidaihe) 以及试题要求表明这篇文章的人称是第一人称,而且要注意是“我”,而不是“我们”。

(3)记叙文叙述的线索。记叙文叙述可以时间、地点、事件发展的过程、人物的思想行为及认知的过程等为线索或以人物出现的先后次序来展开。该试题应该采用时间为线索(last weekend→on Saturday morning→in the afternoon→after dinner→the next morning ),按时间的顺序来展开;同时注意图示中所表达的地点 (home→ the train station→ home→station→ Beidaihe),并以地点的转移为顺序来展开。

(4)记叙文的要素。写好记叙文,要对所写的事件或人物进行分析,弄清事件发生、发展一直到结束的整个过程,明确文章要求写什么。记叙文的要素一般包括When(时间),Where(地点),Who(人物),What(事情),Why(原因),How (怎样)。尽管不是每篇英语记叙文都一定要将这些要素包括进去,但是确定写作内容、收集写作素材必定要围绕这五个W和一个H进行。

(5)记叙文的语言。一篇好的记叙文的语言既要准确、生动,又要表现力强,这样才能把人、事描写得具体生动,其可读性才强。记叙文应以记叙为主,可适当发表见解、议论和抒情,但不可过多。该试题最后的一幅图中虽然只画出了“我”送爷爷奶奶上火车,但是在写作的时候,不要平铺直叙,然后直接收尾,可以在文章的末尾加入自己的心情,并表达对爷爷奶奶的祝福。

【范文展示】

Last weekend, I helped my grandparents their trip to Beidaihe. On Saturday morning, together with my grandparents, I searched the Internet for the train schedule, the weather in Beidaihe, and some hotel information. In the afternoon, I went to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there was a long queue. After dinner, I packed into the suitcase the things my grandparents need, such as clothes, glasses, an umbrella, and a map. The next morning, I went to the station to see them off. Waving goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happy for them and wished them a safe journey.

【习作点评】

短文句式富于变化,语言灵活使用,故事情节完整,结构层次清晰。同时文章立意好,积极引导高中学生要培养独立性,增加实践能力,照顾体谅长辈。文章末尾句是画龙点睛之笔,既讲述送别感受,也表达了对爷爷奶奶的祝福。

【佳句背诵】

1. In order to arrange a practical plan, I surfed the Internet in search of some information on the accommodation, the ticket and the weather forecast.

2. I searched the Internet for the train schedule and tried to get more information about the weather as well as the hotel in Beidaihe.

3. There were a good many people in a long queue, but I managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents.

4. I helped my grandparents pack the luggage including maps, clothes, shoes and an umbrella in case of rain.

5. When I waved goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happy and wished them a pleasant journey.

【写作练习】

2011年3月11日14时46分在日本教英语的美籍教师Buell乘坐火车去东京某学校,途中经历大地震。假如你Buell,请按下列要点用英语写一则的短文,介绍你的地震经历。

1.乘坐火车去东京上课;

2.车内外的场景;

3.简短评论 (最强地震,引发海啸等)。

注意:

1.词数120左右。

2.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。

【参考范文】

On March 11, 2011, I experienced the largest earthquake in Japan’s recorded history. It was fourteen minutes to three. I was on a Tokyo-bound train heading to my weekend English teaching job when my train suddenly stopped and began shaking violently. First, I heard a noise, but I don’t know what was happening. And then I watched all the glasses and bottles on the table fall off onto the floor. The earth shook for a while and some luggage fell off the shelf. I got up from my bed and moved to a window, only to find buildings along the railway swaying and some electricity lines toppling down to the ground. It was a huge earthquake. The quake resulted in a tsunami that ravaged Japan’s east coast with a 23-foot wave, leaving hundreds dead or missing.

篇二:中考英语作文-记叙文写作技巧

中考英语作文-记叙文写作技巧

记叙文是记人叙事的文章,它主要是用于说明事件的时间、背景、起因、过程及结果,即我们通常所说的五个“ W ”( what, who, when, where, why )和一个“ H ”( how )。记叙文的重点在于“述说”和“描写”,因此一篇好的记叙文要叙述条理清楚,描写生动形象。下面就谈谈英语记叙文的特点和写好记叙文的基本要领。

一、记叙文的特点

1. 叙述的人称

英语的记叙文一般是以第一或第三人称的角度来叙述的。用第一称表示的是由叙述者亲眼所见、亲耳所闻的经历。它的优点在于能把故事的情节通过“我”来传达给读者,使人读后感到真实可信,如身临其境。如:

The other day, I was driving along the street. Suddenly, a car lost its control and ran directly towards me fast. I was so frightened that I quickly turned to the left side. But it was too late. The car hit my bike and I fell off it. 用第三人称叙述,优点在于叙述者不受“我”活动范围以内的人和事物的限制,而是通过作者与读者之外的第三者,直接把故事中的情节展现在读者面前,文章的客观性很强。如:

Little Tom was going to school with an umbrella, for it was raining hard. On the way, he saw an old woman walking in the rain with nothing to cover. Tom went up to the old woman and wanted to share the umbrella with her, but he was too short. What could he do? Then he had a good idea.

2. 动词的时态

在记叙文中,记和叙都离不开动词。所以动词出现率最高,且富于变化。记叙文中用得最多的是动词的过去的,这是英语记叙文区别于汉语记叙文的关键之处。英语写作的优美之处就在于这些动词时态的变化,正是这一点才使得所记、所叙有鲜活的动态感、鲜明的层次感和立体感。

3. 叙述的顺序

记叙一件事要有一定的顺序。无论是顺叙、倒叙、插叙还是补叙,都要让读者能弄清事情的来龙去脉。顺叙最容易操作,较容易给读者提供有关事情的空间和时间线索。但这种方法也容易使文章显得平铺直叙,读起来平淡乏味。倒叙、插叙、补叙等叙述方法能有效地提高文章的结构效果,让所叙之事跌宕起伏,使读者在阅读时思维产生较大的跳跃,从而为文章所吸引,深入其中。但这些方法如果使用不当,则容易弄巧成拙,使文章结构散乱,头绪不清,让读者不知所云。

4. 叙述的过渡

过渡在上下文中起着承上启下、融会贯通的作用。过渡往往用在地点转移或时间、事件转换以及由概括说明到具体叙述时。如:

In my summer holidays, I did a lot of things. Apart form doing my homework, reading an English novel, watching TV and doing some housework, I went on a trip to Qingdao. It is really a beautiful city. There are many places of interest to see. But what impressed me most was the suise.

The next morning I got up early. I was very happy because it was a fine day. By the time I got to the beach, the clouds on the horizon were turning red. In a little while, a small part of the sun was gradually appearing. The sun was very red, not shining. It rose slowly. At last it broke through the red

clouds and jumped above the sea, just like a deep-red ball. At the same time the clouds and the sea water became red and bright.

What a moving and unforgettable scene!

5. 叙述与对话

引用故事情节中主要人物的对话是记叙文提高表现力的一种好方法。适当地用直接引语代替间接的主观叙述,可以客观生动地反映人物的性格、品质和心理状态,使记叙生动、有趣,使文章内容更加充实、具体。试比较下面两段的叙述效果:

I was in the kitchen, and I was cooking something. Suddenly I heard a loud noise from the front. I thought maybe someone was knocking the door. I asked who it was but I heard no reply. After a while I saw my cat running across the parlor. I realized it was the cat. I felt released.

这本来应是一段故事性很强的文字,但经作者这么一写,就不那么吸引人了。原因是文中用的都是叙述模式,没有人物语言,把“悬念”给冲淡了。可作如下调整: I was in the kitchen cooking something. "Crash!" a loud noise came from the front. Thinking someone was knocking at the door, I asked, "Who?" No reply. After a while, I saw my cat running across the parlor. "It's you." I said, quite released.

二、写好记叙文的基本要领

1. 头绪分明,脉络清楚

写好记叙文,首先要头绪分明,脉络清楚,明确文章要求写什么。要对所写的事件或人物进行分析,弄清事件发生、发展一直到结束的整个过程,然后再收集选取素材。这些素材都应该跟上述五个“ W ”和一个“ H ”有关。尽管不是每篇记叙文里都必

须包括这些“ W ”和“ H ”,但动笔之前,围绕五个“ W ”和“ H ”进行构思是必不可少的。

2. 突出中心,详略得当

在文章的框架确定后,对支持故事的素材的选取是很关键的。选材要注意取舍,应该从表现文章主题的需要出发,分清主次,定好详略。要突出重点,详写细述那些能表现文章主题的重要情节,略写粗述那么非关键的次要情节。面面俱到反而使情节罗列化,使人不得要领。这一点是写好记叙文要解决的一个基本问题,也需要一定的技巧。如:

One night a man came to our house and told me, "There is a family with eight children. They have not eaten for days." I took some food with me and went.

When I finally came to that family, I saw the faces of those little children disfigured (破坏外貌) by hunger. There was no sorrow or sadness in their faces, just the deep pain of hunger.

I gave the rice to the mother. She divided the rice in two, and went out, carrying half the rice. When she came back, I asked her, "Where did you go?" she gave me this simple answer, "To my neighbors — they are hungry also!"

3. 用活语言,准确生动

记叙文要用具体的事件和生动的语言对人、事、物加以叙述。一篇好的记叙文的语言既要准确、生动,又要表现力强,这样才能把人、事描写得具体生动,其可读性才强。试比较下面一篇例文修改的前后效果。

原文:

One day Xiaoqiang was wandering away. He was soon lost among people and traffic. He could not find the way back home and started crying. Just then, two young students who were passing by found him standing alone in front of a shop and crying. They went up to Xiaoqiang and asked him what had happened. Xiaoqiang told them how he got lost and where he lived. The two students decided to take him home. Mother was pleased to see Xiaoqiang come back safe and sound. She invited the two students into the house and gave them some money, but they didn't take it. She served them with tea but they left.

修改后:

The other day, five-year-old Xiaoqiang left home alone and wandered happily in the street. After some time, he felt hungry so he wanted to go back home. But he found he was lost among the crowded people and heavy traffic. When he could not find the way home, he started and crying. Just then, two young students who were passing by from school found him sanding crying in front of a shop. They immediately went up to him. "Little boy, why are you standing here crying?" they asked.

"I want Mom, I go home." said the boy, still crying.

"Don't worry, we'll send you home."

And they spent the next two hours looking for the boy's house. With the help of a policeman, they finally found it.

篇三:记叙文++++全国高考英语作文写作句型及模板

···第一部分:记叙文题型作文diy

写作步骤

要求考生写一篇记叙文,描述事件发生的时间、地点、原因、人物及结果,最后对事件进行简单分析,如:2003年6月四级作文、2003年9月四级作文、2004年6月六级作文。对这类题型,通常分为三个步骤来写:

第一段、总结描述

交代清楚故事涉及的人物、时间、地点:

主题句

第二段、具体描述

具体描述事件发生的原因、经过和结果

起因+经过+结果

第三段、对事件的分析

分析句1+分析句2+分析3

第二部分、记叙文题型作文diy写作范文练习

[实战演练]

directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic the day my classmate fell ill.

1、简单描述一下这位同学生病的情况;

2、同学、老师和我是如何帮助他的;

3、人和人之间的这种相互关爱给我的感受是....

[diy写作模板:架构阶段]

第一段:

开篇句:about _____ o'clock one evening in _______, _____.

扩展句:________. (展开描述一下事件)

第二段:

主题句:without hesitation, _____. it wasn't long before _____.

扩展句:1、one ______.

2、another _______.

3、our teacher _______.

第三段:

结尾句:is _______? who can tell ? but ______.

扩展句:1、when ____ , people showed _____ spirit regardless of ____.

2、this kind of care between persons is the very kind giving, unselfish and priceless devotion or sacrifice.

3、and it is just because of this care that we can have warm families, a happy life and a beautiful world.

·

·· 第二部分:正反观点题型作文diy写作范文练习

[实战演练]

directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic china jointing wto. you should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:

1、加入wto给我们带来的好处;

2、加入wto给我们带来的不利方面;

3、我们该如何做。

[diy写作模板:架构阶段]

第一段:文章的开头

开篇句句:________finally succeeded in _____ after many's efforts.

扩展句:_____ will influence _____ greatly.

第二段:表达正面观点

主题句:____ brings ____ many benefits and opportunities.

扩展句:1、as _____ , ______ can ______.

2、what's more, __________.

第三段:表达反面观点

主题句:every thing has two aspects.

扩展句:1、___ can also bring us some challenges. for example, ______.

2、in addition, it will be more difficult for _____ to _____, as ____.

第四段:结尾,表明自己看法

结尾句:however, ____ does more good than harm to ____.

扩展句:what we should do is to ______.

[diy写作模板:填充阶段]

第一段:文章的开头

开篇句句:china finally succeeded in jointing the wto after many's efforts.

扩展句:this event will influence the economy in china greatly

第二段:表达正面观点

主题句:jointing the wto brings china many benefits and opportunities.

扩展句:1、as a member coutry, china can enjoy many rights that can boost the development of the economy in china.

2、what's more, the chinese people can buy productd of high quality with less pay.

第三段:表达反面观点

主题句:every thing has two aspects.

扩展句:1、joining the wto can also bring us some challenges. for example, some producers may be wiped out because of the intense competition.

2、in addition, it will be more difficult for us to get a job, as the requirement for the employees will become higher.

第四段:结尾,表明自己看法

结尾句:however, this great event does more good than harm to us.

扩展句:what we should do is to improve ourselves to become qualified for certain positions and live a better life.

···第三部分:范文

china finally succeeded in jointing the wto after many's efforts.this event will influence the economy in china greatly.

jointing the wto brings china many benefits and opportunities.as a member coutry, china can enjoy many rights that can boost the development of the economy in china.what's more, the chinese people can buy productd of high quality with less pay.

every thing has two aspects.joining the wto can also bring us some challenges. for example, some producers may be wiped out because of the intense competition. in addition, it will be more difficult for us to get a job, as the requirement for the employees will become higher.

however, this great event does more good than harm to us.what we should do is to improve ourselves to become qualified for certain positions and live a better life.

···→第四部分、四六级作文:英文信函题型作文diy

写作步骤:

要求考生根据提纲写一封英文书信,如2005年12月六级作文、2005年1月四六级作文、2004年6月四六级作文、2004年1月四级作文。对这类题型,通常分为5个步骤来写: 第一、文章开头:称呼

第二段、寒暄语句,引出写信的目的:

寒暄句+主题句(注:寒暄句和主题句可以是同一个句子)

第三段、根据提纲扩展主体段落:

主题句+扩展句1+扩展句2+扩展句3

第四段、表明自己的观点,并结束书信主体段落

在最后要他谈自己的看法

第五段、寒暄句+落款

→ 第二部分、英文信函题型作文diy写作范文练习

[实战演练]

directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic(转 载于:wWW.cSsYq.cOM 书业网:英语作文2篇记叙文) a letter to the university president about the canteen service campus. you should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:

假如你是李明,请你就本学校食堂的状况给校长写一封信,内容应包括:食堂的饭菜质量、价格、环境、服务等,可以是表扬,也可以是批评建议,也可以都有。

[diy写作模板:架构阶段]

第一段:称呼

dear mr. president,

第二段:引出写信的目的

主题句: this letter comes to you from ____.

扩展句: in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon

第三段:对学校食堂正面的看法

主题句:as you know, _____ . but unfortunately, ______.

扩展句:1、___. (举例) as a result, _____.

2、besides, ______.

3、and what's more, _____.

第四段:对学校食堂负面的看法

主题句:some people may argue that ____.

扩展句:1、for instance, ____ and ____.

2、but in my opinon, ______.

第五段:结尾,表明自己看法

结尾句:to be belief, though a bit dissatisfied with _____.

扩展句:i do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solved the problems there. thanks. li ming

[diy写作模板:填充阶段]

第一段:称呼

dear mr. president,

第二段:引出写信的目的

主题句: this letter comes to you from one of your students.

扩展句: in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon

第三段:对学校食堂的看法

主题句:as you know, our students are the main customers of the university canteen. but unfortunately, we don't find the service there satisfying sometimes.

扩展句:

1、the food is not as nutritious as it should be. (举例) as a result, some of us become thinner and weaker at university.

2、besides, sometimes the canteen people just bring us steamed bread with their dirty bare hands.

3、and what's more, the fare is also a little higher at university.

第四段:别人对食堂看法

主题句:some people may argue that measures have been taken and things are improving there.

扩展句:

1、for instance, ic cards have taken the place of money in the canteed, and the attitude of the service people is also changing.

2、but in my opinon, progress is not so quick and thorough.

第五段:结尾,表明自己看法

结尾句:to be belief, though a bit dissatisfied with the present canteen conditions,

扩展句:i do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solved the problems there. thanks.

→ 第三部分、范文

dear mr. president,

this letter comes to you from one of your students.in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon.

as you know, our students are the main customers of the university canteen. but unfortunately, we don't find the service there satisfying sometimes.the food is not as nutritious as it should be. as a result, some of us become thinner and weaker at university.besides, sometimes the canteen people just bring us steamed bread with their dirty bare hands.and what's more, the fare is also a little higher at university.

some people may argue that measures have been taken and things are improving there.for instance, ic cards have taken the place of money in the canteed, and the attitude of the service people is also changing.but in my opinon, progress is not so quick and thorough.

···百变句子开头使你的句型多变

1.以同位语作为句子的开头。

The most popular teacher in Neworiental, Ma Zihui, will attend the party.

2.以单个修饰语作为句子的开头。

这个修饰语可以是形容词、分词或副词。

Young and ambitious,JieYu works hard to teach Englsih.

Secretly, the girl entered the room.

With a book in her hands, Fang Meng talked to a foreigner.

Exhausted, the students reached the top of the mountain.

3.以短语修饰语作为句子的开头。

短语修饰语可以是介词短语、不定式短语、分词短语以及独立主格结构。

In front of me stood a beautiful girl.

To pass the exam, the students worked hard.

Confused about the problem, he went to ask for his teacher.

Your homework finished, you may go home.

4.用从句作为句子的开始。

If I am free, I will attend your lecture.

Whenever one goes, whatever one does, one needs money.

···考研英语小作文开头常用短语句式

(1) With the (rapidly) growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in China, the quality of our lives has been considerably changed.

(2) With the (rapid) growth of (our economy/population), many problems such as (water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management) are beginng to surface

(3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy), more and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that ...

(4) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures).

(5) Nowadays, a heated debated/discussion about...is under way in China .some people believe that ..., whereas others argue that...

(6) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers). To begin with,... Next,... Last, ... There are, on the oher hand, many reasons against it. First, ... Second,... Finally,...

(7) There are many advantanges and disadvantages in (owning a car).

(8) There are various /at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods to do something

(9) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toe reasons. The first reason is that ... The second reason is that ... /On the one hand , ... On the other hand. ...

(10) The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these social problems) depend on three factors...

(11) The tow major reasons responsible for (the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products ) are...

···英语高分作文必须要记住的二十六句式

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。