Last weekend, I helped my grandparents prepare their trip to Beidaihe. __________________ __________________________________________________.
（2）记叙文的时态与人称。记叙文所记叙的一般是过去发生的事，原则上用一般过去时，该试题应该用一般现在时；记叙文一般采用第一人称(First—person narrator)和第三人称(Third—person narrator)。第一人称是从“参与者”的角度进行记叙，第三人称是以“观察者”的身份展开叙述。短文的开头(Last weekend, I helped my grandparents prepare their trip to
（3）记叙文叙述的线索。记叙文叙述可以时间、地点、事件发展的过程、人物的思想行为及认知的过程等为线索或以人物出现的先后次序来展开。该试题应该采用时间为线索(last weekend→on Saturday morning→in the afternoon→after dinner→the next morning )，按时间的顺序来展开；同时注意图示中所表达的地点 (home→ the train station→ home→station→ Beidaihe)，并以地点的转移为顺序来展开。
Last weekend, I helped my grandparents their trip to Beidaihe. On Saturday morning, together with my grandparents, I searched the Internet for the train schedule, the weather in Beidaihe, and some hotel information. In the afternoon, I went to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there was a long queue. After dinner, I packed into the suitcase the things my grandparents need, such as clothes, glasses, an umbrella, and a map. The next morning, I went to the station to see them off. Waving goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happy for them and wished them a safe journey.
1. In order to arrange a practical plan, I surfed the Internet in search of some information on the accommodation, the ticket and the weather forecast.
2. I searched the Internet for the train schedule and tried to get more information about the weather as well as the hotel in Beidaihe.
3. There were a good many people in a long queue, but I managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents.
4. I helped my grandparents pack the luggage including maps, clothes, shoes and an umbrella in case of rain.
5. When I waved goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happy and wished them a pleasant journey.
On March 11, 2011, I experienced the largest earthquake in Japan’s recorded history. It was fourteen minutes to three. I was on a Tokyo-bound train heading to my weekend English teaching job when my train suddenly stopped and began shaking violently. First, I heard a noise, but I don’t know what was happening. And then I watched all the glasses and bottles on the table fall off onto the floor. The earth shook for a while and some luggage fell off the shelf. I got up from my bed and moved to a window, only to find buildings along the railway swaying and some electricity lines toppling down to the ground. It was a huge earthquake. The quake resulted in a tsunami that ravaged Japan’s east coast with a 23-foot wave, leaving hundreds dead or missing.
记叙文是记人叙事的文章，它主要是用于说明事件的时间、背景、起因、过程及结果，即我们通常所说的五个“ W ”（ what, who, when, where, why ）和一个“ H ”（ how ）。记叙文的重点在于“述说”和“描写”，因此一篇好的记叙文要叙述条理清楚，描写生动形象。下面就谈谈英语记叙文的特点和写好记叙文的基本要领。
The other day, I was driving along the street. Suddenly, a car lost its control and ran directly towards me fast. I was so frightened that I quickly turned to the left side. But it was too late. The car hit my bike and I fell off it. 用第三人称叙述，优点在于叙述者不受“我”活动范围以内的人和事物的限制，而是通过作者与读者之外的第三者，直接把故事中的情节展现在读者面前，文章的客观性很强。如：
Little Tom was going to school with an umbrella, for it was raining hard. On the way, he saw an old woman walking in the rain with nothing to cover. Tom went up to the old woman and wanted to share the umbrella with her, but he was too short. What could he do? Then he had a good idea.
In my summer holidays, I did a lot of things. Apart form doing my homework, reading an English novel, watching TV and doing some housework, I went on a trip to Qingdao. It is really a beautiful city. There are many places of interest to see. But what impressed me most was the suise.
The next morning I got up early. I was very happy because it was a fine day. By the time I got to the beach, the clouds on the horizon were turning red. In a little while, a small part of the sun was gradually appearing. The sun was very red, not shining. It rose slowly. At last it broke through the red
clouds and jumped above the sea, just like a deep-red ball. At the same time the clouds and the sea water became red and bright.
What a moving and unforgettable scene!
I was in the kitchen, and I was cooking something. Suddenly I heard a loud noise from the front. I thought maybe someone was knocking the door. I asked who it was but I heard no reply. After a while I saw my cat running across the parlor. I realized it was the cat. I felt released.
这本来应是一段故事性很强的文字，但经作者这么一写，就不那么吸引人了。原因是文中用的都是叙述模式，没有人物语言，把“悬念”给冲淡了。可作如下调整： I was in the kitchen cooking something. "Crash!" a loud noise came from the front. Thinking someone was knocking at the door, I asked, "Who?" No reply. After a while, I saw my cat running across the parlor. "It＇s you." I said, quite released.
写好记叙文，首先要头绪分明，脉络清楚，明确文章要求写什么。要对所写的事件或人物进行分析，弄清事件发生、发展一直到结束的整个过程，然后再收集选取素材。这些素材都应该跟上述五个“ W ”和一个“ H ”有关。尽管不是每篇记叙文里都必
须包括这些“ W ”和“ H ”，但动笔之前，围绕五个“ W ”和“ H ”进行构思是必不可少的。
One night a man came to our house and told me, "There is a family with eight children. They have not eaten for days." I took some food with me and went.
When I finally came to that family, I saw the faces of those little children disfigured （破坏外貌） by hunger. There was no sorrow or sadness in their faces, just the deep pain of hunger.
I gave the rice to the mother. She divided the rice in two, and went out, carrying half the rice. When she came back, I asked her, "Where did you go?" she gave me this simple answer, "To my neighbors — they are hungry also!"
One day Xiaoqiang was wandering away. He was soon lost among people and traffic. He could not find the way back home and started crying. Just then, two young students who were passing by found him standing alone in front of a shop and crying. They went up to Xiaoqiang and asked him what had happened. Xiaoqiang told them how he got lost and where he lived. The two students decided to take him home. Mother was pleased to see Xiaoqiang come back safe and sound. She invited the two students into the house and gave them some money, but they didn＇t take it. She served them with tea but they left.
The other day, five-year-old Xiaoqiang left home alone and wandered happily in the street. After some time, he felt hungry so he wanted to go back home. But he found he was lost among the crowded people and heavy traffic. When he could not find the way home, he started and crying. Just then, two young students who were passing by from school found him sanding crying in front of a shop. They immediately went up to him. "Little boy, why are you standing here crying?" they asked.
"I want Mom, I go home." said the boy, still crying.
"Don＇t worry, we＇ll send you home."
And they spent the next two hours looking for the boy＇s house. With the help of a policeman, they finally found it.
directions：for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic the day my classmate fell ill.
开篇句：about _____ o'clock one evening in _______, _____.
主题句：without hesitation, _____. it wasn't long before _____.
3、our teacher _______.
结尾句：is _______? who can tell ? but ______.
扩展句：1、when ____ , people showed _____ spirit regardless of ____.
2、this kind of care between persons is the very kind giving, unselfish and priceless devotion or sacrifice.
3、and it is just because of this care that we can have warm families, a happy life and a beautiful world.
directions：for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic china jointing wto. you should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:
开篇句句：________finally succeeded in _____ after many's efforts.
扩展句：_____ will influence _____ greatly.
主题句：____ brings ____ many benefits and opportunities.
扩展句：1、as _____ , ______ can ______.
2、what's more, __________.
主题句：every thing has two aspects.
扩展句：1、___ can also bring us some challenges. for example, ______.
2、in addition, it will be more difficult for _____ to _____, as ____.
结尾句：however, ____ does more good than harm to ____.
扩展句：what we should do is to ______.
开篇句句：china finally succeeded in jointing the wto after many's efforts.
扩展句：this event will influence the economy in china greatly
主题句：jointing the wto brings china many benefits and opportunities.
扩展句：1、as a member coutry, china can enjoy many rights that can boost the development of the economy in china.
2、what's more, the chinese people can buy productd of high quality with less pay.
主题句：every thing has two aspects.
扩展句：1、joining the wto can also bring us some challenges. for example, some producers may be wiped out because of the intense competition.
2、in addition, it will be more difficult for us to get a job, as the requirement for the employees will become higher.
结尾句：however, this great event does more good than harm to us.
扩展句：what we should do is to improve ourselves to become qualified for certain positions and live a better life.
china finally succeeded in jointing the wto after many's efforts.this event will influence the economy in china greatly.
jointing the wto brings china many benefits and opportunities.as a member coutry, china can enjoy many rights that can boost the development of the economy in china.what's more, the chinese people can buy productd of high quality with less pay.
every thing has two aspects.joining the wto can also bring us some challenges. for example, some producers may be wiped out because of the intense competition. in addition, it will be more difficult for us to get a job, as the requirement for the employees will become higher.
however, this great event does more good than harm to us.what we should do is to improve ourselves to become qualified for certain positions and live a better life.
directions：for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic(转 载于:wWW.cSsYq.cOM 书业网:英语作文2篇记叙文) a letter to the university president about the canteen service campus. you should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline below:
dear mr. president,
主题句： this letter comes to you from ____.
扩展句： in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon
主题句：as you know, _____ . but unfortunately, ______.
扩展句：1、___. (举例) as a result, _____.
3、and what's more, _____.
主题句：some people may argue that ____.
扩展句：1、for instance, ____ and ____.
2、but in my opinon, ______.
结尾句：to be belief, though a bit dissatisfied with _____.
扩展句：i do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solved the problems there. thanks. li ming
dear mr. president,
主题句： this letter comes to you from one of your students.
扩展句： in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon
主题句：as you know, our students are the main customers of the university canteen. but unfortunately, we don't find the service there satisfying sometimes.
1、the food is not as nutritious as it should be. (举例) as a result, some of us become thinner and weaker at university.
2、besides, sometimes the canteen people just bring us steamed bread with their dirty bare hands.
3、and what's more, the fare is also a little higher at university.
主题句：some people may argue that measures have been taken and things are improving there.
1、for instance, ic cards have taken the place of money in the canteed, and the attitude of the service people is also changing.
2、but in my opinon, progress is not so quick and thorough.
结尾句：to be belief, though a bit dissatisfied with the present canteen conditions,
扩展句：i do believe that, with the efforts of all people concerned, we can solved the problems there. thanks.
dear mr. president,
this letter comes to you from one of your students.in it, some opinions are put forward for you to reflect upon.
as you know, our students are the main customers of the university canteen. but unfortunately, we don't find the service there satisfying sometimes.the food is not as nutritious as it should be. as a result, some of us become thinner and weaker at university.besides, sometimes the canteen people just bring us steamed bread with their dirty bare hands.and what's more, the fare is also a little higher at university.
some people may argue that measures have been taken and things are improving there.for instance, ic cards have taken the place of money in the canteed, and the attitude of the service people is also changing.but in my opinon, progress is not so quick and thorough.
The most popular teacher in Neworiental, Ma Zihui, will attend the party.
Young and ambitious,JieYu works hard to teach Englsih.
Secretly, the girl entered the room.
With a book in her hands, Fang Meng talked to a foreigner.
Exhausted, the students reached the top of the mountain.
In front of me stood a beautiful girl.
To pass the exam, the students worked hard.
Confused about the problem, he went to ask for his teacher.
Your homework finished, you may go home.
If I am free, I will attend your lecture.
Whenever one goes, whatever one does, one needs money.
(1) With the (rapidly) growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in China, the quality of our lives has been considerably changed.
(2) With the (rapid) growth of (our economy/population), many problems such as (water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management) are beginng to surface
(3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy), more and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that ...
(4) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures).
(5) Nowadays, a heated debated/discussion about...is under way in China .some people believe that ..., whereas others argue that...
(6) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers). To begin with,... Next,... Last, ... There are, on the oher hand, many reasons against it. First, ... Second,... Finally,...
(7) There are many advantanges and disadvantages in (owning a car).
(8) There are various /at least three ways/possible techniques/problems/methods to do something
(9) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toe reasons. The first reason is that ... The second reason is that ... /On the one hand , ... On the other hand. ...
(10) The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these social problems) depend on three factors...
(11) The tow major reasons responsible for (the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products ) are...
一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc 例句：Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.